The Prague Stringology Conference 2004

Costas S. Iliopoulos, James McHugh, Pierre Peterlongo, Nadia Pisanti, Wojciech Rytter and Marie-France Sagot

A First Approach to Finding Common Motifs With Gaps

We present three linear algorithms for as many formulations of the problem of finding motifs with gaps. The three versions of the problem are distinct in that they assume different constraints on the size of the gaps. The outline of the algorithm is always the same, although this is adapted each time to the specific problem, while maintaining a linear time complexity with respect to the input size. The approach we suggest is based on a re-writing of the text that uses a new alphabet made of labels representing words of the original input text. The computational complexity of the algorithm allows to use it also to find long motifs. The algorithm is in fact general enough that it could be applied to several variants of the problem other those suggested in this paper.

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