The Prague Stringology Conference 2008

Jie Lin, Yue Jiang and Don Adjeroh

The Virtual Suffix Tree: An Efficient Data Structure for Suffix Trees

Abstract:
We introduce the VST (virtual suffix tree), an efficient data structure for suffix trees and suffix arrays. Starting from the suffix array, we construct the suffix tree, from which we derive the virtual suffix tree. The VST provides the same functionality as the suffix tree, including suffix links, but at a much smaller space requirement. It has the same linear time construction even for large alphabets, Σ requires O(n) space to store (n is the string length), and allows searching for a pattern of length m to be performed in O(m log |Σ|) time, the same time needed for a suffix tree. Given the VST, we show an algorithm that computes all the suffix links in linear time, independent of Σ. The VST requires less space than other recently proposed data structures for suffix trees and suffix arrays, such as the enhanced suffix array [1], and the linearized suffix tree [16]. On average, the space requirement (including that for suffix arrays and suffix links) is 13.8n bytes for the regular VST, and 12.05n bytes in its compact form.

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