Prague Stringology Conference 2012

Antonie Deza, Frantisek Franek and Mei Jiang

A Computational Framework for Determining Square-maximal Strings

We investigate the function σd(n)=max {s(x) | x is a(d,n)-string}, where s(x) denotes the number of distinct primitively rooted squares in a string x and (d,n)-string denotes a string of length n with exactly d distinct symbols. New properties of the σd(n) function are presented. The notion of s-cover is presented and discussed with emphasis on the recursive computational determination of σd(n). In particular, we were able to determine all values of σ2(n) for n ≤ 53 and σ3(n) for n ≤ 42 and to point out that σ2(33) < σ3(33); that is, among all strings of length 33, no binary string achieves the maximum number of distinct primitively rooted squares. Noticeably, these computations reveal the unexpected existence of pairs (d,n) satisfying σd+1(n+2) – σd(n)>1 such as (2,33) and (2,34), and of three consecutive equal values: σ2(31)2(32)2(33). In addition we show that σ2(n) ≤ 2n-66 for n ≥ 53.

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